Western Calendar Year
(Japanese Calendar)
Japanese Bible Translation Information Books Published General Information
1455 Gutenberg prints the Gutenberg Bible
(Tenbun 18)
Francis Xavier arrives in Japan; said to have had 300 missionaries, over 200 churches, and 200,000-300,000 followers during peak influence. There were universities; Christian books were printed (including excerpts from the Works of Saints, Doctrina Christiana, Guia do Pecador, and the Japanese-Portuguese Dictionary); words of the Bible were translated in prayers. The New Testament seems to have been translated in the early 18th century, but it no longer exists.
(Bunsei 6)
Morrison and Milne The Holy Bible
(Tenpo 8)
Gutzlaff (Karl Friedrich August Gutzleff) publishes the Gospel of John and Letters of John with the help of Japanese drifters in Singapore.
(Kaei 4)
Around this time, Samuel W. Williams (Samuel Wells Williams) translates the Gospel of Matthew in Macau.
(China) Taiping Rebellion; (Britain) First World Fair in London; (US) first issue of "New York Daily News"
(Kaei 5)
Medhurst and other Chinese delegate committee members publish a Chinese translation of the New Testament in Shanghai.
(France) Napoleon III takes the throne, start of the 2nd imperial government
(Kaei 7 / Ansei 1)
Medhurst and other Chinese delegate committee members publish a Chinese translation of the Old Testament in Shanghai.
Perry's second arrival of ships, "Japan-America Peace Treaty" signed in Yokohama
(Ansei 2)
Bernard J. Bettelheim (Bernard Jean Bettelheim) publishes the Gospel of John, Acts of the Apostles, and Romans in the Ryukyu language in Hong Kong. Treaty of Shimoda, opening of Hakodate Port, navy training location in Nagasaki; (France) World Fair held in Paris
(Ansei 3)
Japan-The Netherlands Treaty, Institute for Western Learning (successor to Japanese Learning of Barbarian Places) renamed Institute for the Study of Barbarian Books, Foreign Trade Investigation Office established; (China) Second Opium War
(Ansei 4)
(Ansei 5)
Japan-US Friendship and Trade Treaty and foreign trade laws signed, commission treaties of commerce made between Japan and The Netherlands, Russia, Britain, and France; Ansei Purge; (India) downfall of the Mughal Empire
(Ansei 6)
Hepburn and Brown arrive in Yokohama; Verbeck arrives in Nagasaki
Ansei Purge; opening of Japan
(Ansei 7 / Man'en 1)
Karin Maru heads for the US; Sakuradamon Incident
(Man'en 2 / Bunkyu 1)
Bridgeman, Culbertson Chinese translation of the New Testament; Hepburn and S.R. Brown begin a Japanese translation of the Bible
US foreign mission interpreter Heusken assassinated; Amity Treaty of Commerce signed with Prussia; (US) outbreak of Civil War (-1865); Kazunomiya goes to Edo
(Bunkyu 2)
Verbeck holds Bible classes in Nagasaki; Hepburn goes to Foreign Settlement No. 39
Namamugi Incident; envoys depart for Europe
(Bunkyu 3)
Bridgeman, Culbertson Chinese translation of the Old Testament; Hepburn and S.R. Brown do partial translations of the Four Gospels, Genesis, Exodus, etc.; full launch of the Hepburn School Yokohama Foreign Settlement No. 39; Thompson arrives in Japan; Verbeck becomes vice principal of Nagasaki English School; Kajinosuke Ibuka arrives in Tokyo Anglo-Satsuma War
(Genji 1)
Korekiyo Takahashi studies under Clara Hepburn Shimoseki Campaign by joint naval forces from Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, and the US
(Keio 1)
Ryuzan Yano baptized by J.H. Ballagh with Hepburn as witness End of the US Civil War
(Keio 2)
Masanori Murata baptized by Verbeck; J.H. Ballagh starts Bible classes
Satsuma and Choshu alliance; Second Choshu War; shogunate-Britain exchange students depart; Austro-Prussian War; International Workingmen's Association First Congress
(Keio 3)
Hepburn, J.H. Ballagh, and Thompson begin translating the "Gospel of Matthew"; first edition of the "Japanese and English Dictionary with English and Japanese Index" published; Shinri Ichi [Truth and Divine Wisdom]
Tokugawa Yoshinobu restores imperial rule
(Keio 4 / Meiji 1)
Hepburn, J.H. Ballagh, and Thompson complete the "Gospel of Matthew"; Yokohama Kaigan Church is established; Christian oppression "Urakami Yoban Kuzure" 3,770 exiled and 662 dead by 1873 Meiji Restoration; Shinto and Buddhism Separation Order
(Meiji 2)
Henry Stout and wife arrive in Nagasaki; Verbeck becomes a teacher at Kaisei School; Carothers arrives in Japan; Kidder arrives in Japan Return of land and people from feudal lords to the emperor; Boshin War; Tsukiji foreign settlement established
(Meiji 3)
S.R. Brown becomes a teacher at Yokohama Shubunkan; Kidder becomes a teacher at the Hepburn School
Tokyo-Yokohama telegraph opens
(Meiji 4)
Jonathan Goble publishes the Gospel of Matthew; Hepburn revises the Gospel of Mark with the cooperation of Masatsuna Okuno; J.H. Ballagh starts a school Abolition of feudal domains and establishment of prefectures; establishment of the Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture
(Meiji 5)
Hepburn and S.R. Brown publish the Gospel of Mark and the Gospel of John in Yokohama; in September, at Hepburn's residence at Yokohama Foreign Settlement No. 39, the Protestant Missionary Council decides to embark on a joint translation of the New Testament; the American Bible Society presents an English Bible to the emperor; the Japan Christ Church is founded in Yokohama; Loomis, E.R. Miller, J.C. Ballagh, and Wyckoff arrive in Japan; a second edition of the Japanese and English Dictionary with English and Japanese Index is published Tokyo-Yokohama railway opens; solar calendar use begins; school system proclamation
(Meiji 6)
Hepburn and S.R. Brown publish the Gospel of Matthew in Yokohama; Hepburn publishes a Romanized Japanese Gospel of John at the New York American Bible Society; Urakami followers are released; N. Brown arrives in Japan; Masahisa Uemura is baptized by J.H. Ballagh; Brown School opens at Yamate No. 211; Tokyo Christ Church is founded; Kajinosuke Ibuka is baptized by Brown; O.M. Green arrives in Japan; a New York edition of the Japanese and English Dictionary with English and Japanese Index is published Order for prohibition of Christians is revoked; land tax revision; Conscription Ordinance
(Meiji 7)
The "Translation Committee Company" is formed, with S.R. Brown as chairman, and translation begins at the Brown residence; the first hymnal is published; the Yokohama Presbyterian Church is founded; an English school (Rikkyo) is founded on Episcopal Church reclaimed land; a girls primary school is founded (Aoyama Gakuin) Conquest of Taiwan; petition to establish a popularly elected congress
(Meiji 8)
Hepburn and S.R. Brown publish the Gospel of Luke; the Scottish Bible Society branch is established; N. Brown will soon publish New Testament volumes including the Gospel of Matthew, Epistle of James, etc., using hirakana printing type; Carothers' revision of Kuro Kato's Brief Explanation of the New Testament Gospel of Matthew, Volume 1, is published; J.C. Ballagh becomes head of the Hepburn School; Imbrie and McLaren arrive in Japan; Verbeck becomes legal advisor of the Grand Council of State; Doshisha English School is founded Ganghwa Island Incident; newspaper ordinance
(Meiji 9)
Tokyo Bible Translation Council is formed and begins translating the Old Testament; the Great Britain Bible Society and the American Bible Society set up branches in Japan; Hepburn and S.R. Brown publish Romans; the Translation Committee Company Gospel of Luke and Hebrews; Carothers' revision of Kuro Kato's Brief Explanation of the New Testament Gospel of Matthew, Volume 2, is published; N. Brown withdraws from the translation committee
(Meiji 10)
Translation Committee Company: Gospel of Matthew, Gospel of Mark, Gospel of John, Letters of John, Acts of the Apostles, Epistle to the Corinthians, Epistle to the Romans; Thompson translation Old Testament Genesis Chapters 1, 2, 3; the United Church of Christ in Japan is founded; classes begin at the Tokyo Union Theological School; Knox arrives in Japan Satsuma Rebellion; Tokyo University established
(Meiji 11)
Translation Committee Company Gospel of John (Revised), Corinthians 1 and 2, Kunten "New Testament Four Gospels Unabridged"; multi-sect, collaborative "Bible Translation Standing Committee" is formed at the United Church of Tokyo, chairman J.C. Hepburn; Tokyo Translation Committee dissolves; level Gospel of Matthew
(Meiji 12)
Translation Committee Company publishes katakana versions of Bible volumes Ephesians and Philippians, Thessalonians 1 and 2, completes translation of Bible in November; N. Brown publishes Tetsuya Kawakatsu's complete translation of the New Testament The New Testament; Kunten New Testament is published; S.R. Brown returns to the US Yasukuni Shrine established; education regulations enacted
(Meiji 13)
Translation Committee Completes the "New Testament," holds a celebration for completing the New Testament translation in April at the Tsukiji Shinsakae Church; Annotated New Testament is published; J.C. Hepburn publishes a Romanized Japanese version of the New Testament in Yokohama; death of S.R. Brown; Hepburn School moves to Tsukiji government school; Tokyo Christian University Young Persons' Association is formed; B.H. Chamberlain's "A Suggestion for Japanese Translations of the Psalms" in the Asia Association Magazine proposes translating them into a Japanese epic poem format. Education regulations amended; assembly ordinance
(Meiji 14)
Jonah, Haggai, Malachi, Joshua, true kana version New Testament, English and Japanese New Testament, Kunten Old Testament Genesis; Henry Loomis becomes chief editor of the American Bible Society; Kajinosuke Ibuka New Testament Gospel of Mark; Senshi School opens; first convention of the United Church of Christ in Japan Imperial instructions to establish the National Diet
(Meiji 15)
Jonah, Haggai, Malachi, Joshua, Kunten Numbers, Kunten Exodus, Kunten Proverbs; J.C. Hepburn Romanized Japanese Old and New Testament; Japanese Department and English Department established at Tokyo Union Theological School; first graduation ceremony at Tsujiki government school Bank of Japan is established
(Meiji 16)
Bible Translation Standing Committee Proverbs, Genesis, Samuel 1 and 2, Kings Abridged Volume 1; Kunten Old Testament, Kunten New Testament Four Gospels; New Testament Four Gospels; Translation Standing Committee accepts participation of Japanese translation committee members; G.F. Verbeck "History of Evangelism in Japan" speech at the Second Missionary Convention in Osaka; Senshi School and Tsukiji government school merge to become Tokyo United English-Japanese School Rokumeikan opens
(Meiji 17)
Jeremiah, Judges and Ruth, Kings Abridged Volume 2, Ezekiel, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers Abridged; English-Japanese preparatory schools open in Kanda Awajicho and Kanazawa Takaokacho Dissolution of the Liberal Party; Gunma, Chichibu, Kabasan, Nagoya, and Iida Incidents
(Meiji 18)
Deuteronomy, Daniel; Eastern Orthodox Church Psalms; English-Japanese preparatory schools move to Fujimicho, Kojimachi ward; United English-Japanese School gets a baseball team Tianjin Incident signed; Grand Council of State system abolished and cabinet system established; Fukuzawa Yukichi Argument for Leaving Asia
(Meiji 19)
Hosea, Joel, Zephaniah, Amos, Obadiah, Micah, Nahum, Zephaniah, Zechariah, Song of Solomon; death of N. Brown; third edition of Japanese and English Dictionary with English and Japanese Index published by Maruzen; proposal to merge Tokyo Union Theological School, Tokyo United English-Japanese School, and Tokyo United English-Japanese Preparatory School into Meiji Gakuin; purchase of Shirokane School land
(Meiji 20)
Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Chronicles, Isaiah, Psalms, Song of Solomon and Lamentations, Job, Proverbs and Song of Solomon (Revised); Kunten Old and New Testament; Meiji Gakuin establishment permitted; construction of Sandham Building and Hepburn Building completed; General Studies Department moves to Shirokane; Toson Shimazaki matriculates; Steel Memorial School opens in Nagasaki Regulations for preservation of law and order; Shimei Futabatei Floating Clouds
(Meiji 21)
Celebration for completion of Japanese Bible held at Tsukiji Shinsakae Church; J.C. Hepburn Japanese and English Psalms published in Yokohama; J.L. Amerman Gospel of Mark; Verbeck becomes chairman of board of directors; Ibuka, Niijima, and others submit a "Petition for Official Government Permission of Christianity" to the senate; Toson Shimazaki is baptized
(Meiji 22)
J. Batchelor Ainu language translations of Jonah, Gospel of Matthew Meiji Constitution proclamation
(Meiji 23)
Yamato Bible Hall established in Yokohama; Masahisa Uemura runs a "Revision of the Japanese Translated Bible" in the Gospel News, and Goro Takahashi also proposes a retranslation of the New Testament in Kokumin no Tomo.
First general election; Imperial Rescript on Education proclamation
(Meiji 24)
Meiji English School moves to Shirokane; Steel Memorial School renamed Tozan Gakuin
Kanzo Uchimura disrespect incident; Otsu incident
(Meiji 25)
J.C. Hepburn publishes Romanized Japanese Old and New Testament in Yokohama; Hepburn and Amerman return to the US; Russian Orthodox Church Gospel of Matthew Announcement of Ibuka, Uemura et al.'s Christian "Open Letter on Religious Liberty"; Kumamoto English School incident
(Meiji 26)
(Meiji 27)
Baptist edition level New Testament; Braille Gospel of John; Meiji Gakuin General Studies Regular Course and Preparatory Course become the High School Department and Regular Department
First Sino-Japanese War, Tonghak Rebellion; Japan-Britain public treaty of commerce
(Meiji 28)
Catholic Goro Takahashi Holy Gospel Volume 1; Loomis donates 200,000 small Bibles to the Japanese military; Kanzo Uchimura How I Became a Christian Treaty of Shimonoseki; Triple Intervention
(Meiji 29)
Catholic Goro Takahashi Holy Gospel Volume 2
(Meiji 30)
Bachelor, Ainu language translation New Testament; Alliance of Japan Student Christian Young Persons' Associations is launched
(Meiji 31)
Death of Verbeck; Meiji Gakuin Regular Department becomes a regular junior high school
(Meiji 32)
Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture Directive No. 12 prohibits religious education and ceremonies at accredited schools; Meiji Gakuin regular junior high school decides to relinquish its qualifications Announcement of private school order; Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture Directive No. 12 prohibits religious education and ceremonies at accredited schools; Home Ministry directive positions Christianity under the government
(Meiji 33)
Catholic Romanized Japanese Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ; J.K. Fyson proposes a retranslation with cooperation from foreigners and Japanese; Meiji Gakuin cuts ties with the Scotland United Presbyterian Church
Security police law announced; Home Ministry bureau of religion established
(Meiji 34)
Eastern Orthodox Church of Japan Nicholas and Tsukutogi Nakai The New Testament of Our Lord Jesus Christ; special courses added to the Meiji Gakuin Theology Department; American Southern Presbyterian Church is welcomed Shozo Tanaka makes a direct appeal at the Ashio mine pollution incident
(Meiji 35)
Tozan Gakuin Theology Department merges with Meiji Gakuin; observation trip to Ashio mine pollution incident; Theology Department preparatory course is abolished
Anglo-Japanese Alliance agreement signed
(Meiji 36)
Gospel Alliance decides to retranslate the Bible; Masahisa Uemura, Kanzo Uchimura, Hiromichi Kozaki, and En Kashiwai undertake the retranslation of the Bible; construction of Miller Memorial Chapel begins at Meiji Gakuin National textbook system established
(Meiji 37)
War with Russia declared; Kotoku, Sakai, and Uchimura argue for pacifism
(Meiji 38)
Eastern Orthodox Church of Japan Holy Gospel; Japan YMCA is established; Hepburn received the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon; Toyohiko Kagawa matriculates at Meiji Gakuin; Miller Memorial Chapel is damaged in an earthquake
Sea of Japan naval battle; Treaty of Portsmouth
(Meiji 39)
Baptist version Annotated New Testament; Gospel Alliance, decision to retranslate Bible; 7th World Student Christianity Convention held in Tokyo
(Meiji 40)
Yoshisuke Sakon Gospel of Matthew; Pierson Abridged and Annotated New Testament; Toson Shimazaki versification established as Meiji Gakuin school song
(Meiji 41)
(Meiji 42)
Three Bible companies from the US, Scotland, and Great Britain decide on retranslation committee members for a Bible Translation Standing Committee; Yoshisuke Sakon Psalms; commemoration of the 50th anniversary since religious liberation
(Meiji 43)
Catholic E. Raguet translation New Testament of Our Lord Jesus Christ; standing committee retranslation regulations established, retranslation begins under chairman D.C. Greene; En Kashiwai Study of the Gospel of John; Christianity Education Alliance established, first president is Kajinosuke Ibuka High treason incident and major arrests
(Meiji 44)
Taisho retranslation trial published, Gospel of Mark; Hepburn Building is destroyed by fire, death of Hepburn; Japan Christian Association Alliance is established; Meiji Gakuin General Studies Department school building completed High treason defendants executed; US-Japan Treaty of Commerce and Navigation signed
(Meiji 45 / Taisho 1)
Death of Emperor Meiji
(Taisho 2)
Death of Retranslation Committee Chairman Green
Republic of China recognized
(Taisho 3)
Dwight Whitney Learned becomes chair of Bible Retranslation Committee Declaration of war with Germany; start of First World War
(Taisho 4)
Meiji Gakuin General Studies Department becomes a junior high school
The Twenty-One Demands
(Taisho 5)
100-year anniversary of the founding of the American Bible Society; Bible presented to the emperor
(Taisho 6)
New Testament Taisho retranslation completed in February and published in October; A.K. Reischauer becomes dean of Meiji Gakuin High School; High School literature and English language instructor courses are launched New Testament Taisho retranslation complete
(Taisho 7)
Siberia Intervention; rice riots; end of First World War
(Taisho 8)
Movement for universal suffrage/
(Taisho 9)
Death of J.H Ballagh and J.C. Ballagh; death of Loomis; Toyohiko Kagawa Beyond the Death Line League of Nations established; start of post-World War I depression
(Taisho 10)
American Bible Society Braille Old and New Testament Washington Naval Conference
(Taisho 11)
Soviet Union established; Japanese Communist Party formed; Suiheisha founding convention
(Taisho 12)
Ginza Bible Hall destroyed in a fire; Great Britain and American Bible Company considered the Bible Society
Great Kanto Earthquake; Amakasu incident
(Taisho 13)
New production of the braille Bible; Meiji Gakuin Theology Department moves to Tsunohazu
Second movement to defend the Constitution
(Taisho 14)
Military training put into practice at Meiji Gakuin Junior High School Peace Preservation Act and universal suffrage law announced; army active duty commissioned officer assignment order
(Taisho 15 / Showa 1)
Death of Emperor Taisho
(Showa 2)
National Christianity Social Work Society established; Meiji Gakuin Cooperative established; Meiji Gakuin 50th anniversary ceremony held Gunpei Yamamoto becomes commanding officer of the Salvation Army
(Showa 3)
Naoji Nagai New Testament; Meiji Gakuin High School Commerce Department becomes independent; social studies course established at High School department; military training carried out at both the high school and commerce school First election with universal suffrage; major arrests of Communist Party members; Peace Preservation Act amended
(Showa 4)
Great Depression begins
(Showa 5)
Stone monument for Japanese translation of the New Testament erected at the S.R. Brown residence site; Meiji Gakuin Theology Department detaches to become Japan Theological Seminary
London Naval Treaty; Showa Depression; Prime Minister Hamaguchi shot and seriously injured
(Showa 6)
Minoru Toyota "The History of Japanese Translations of the Bible"
Manchurian Incident; Japan Religious Believers Peace Conference "Peace Declaration"
(Showa 7)
Declaration of foundation of Manchukuo; 5.15 Incident
(Showa 8)
Tozan Gakuin Junior High department merges with Meiji Gakuin Withdrawal from the League of Nations; Kyoto University Takigawa Incident
(Showa 9)
Ideology bureau added to Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture; cold weather damage to crops in Tohoku
(Showa 10)
Death of Kajinosuke Ibuka and Takayoshi Matsuyama Tatsukichi Minobe's theory of the Emperor as an organ of the government; government national polity clarification declaration
(Showa 11)
2.26 Incident; Japan-Germany anti-communist agreement; May Day prohibition
(Showa 12)
Change from British and American Bible Society to Japan Bible Society; discussion of retranslation of the Old Testament
Second Sino-Japanese War; seizure of Nanking; participation in the Anti-Comintern Pact with Italy and Germany
(Showa 13)
Announcement of national general mobilization act
(Showa 14)
Masaki Nakayama translation of Calvin's Essentials of Christianity
Military training required at universities; Religious Group Act; Nomonhan Incident
(Showa 15)
Toyohiko Kagawa arrested by Shibuya military police
Standing committee established for Bible translation
(Showa 16)
Tripartite Pact between Japan, Germany, and Italy; 2,600th anniversary of Imperial Japan; Japanese army attacks northern French Indo-China
Imperial rescript declaration of war with the US and Britain; Hideki Tojo cabinet organization; organization of patriotism squads at each school; organizational meeting for United Church of Christ in Japan
(Showa 17)
Old Testament retranslation standing committee, chairman Senji Tsuru
Japanese army seizes Manila; Midway naval battle defeat; shortened school year for junior high schools, high schools, and universities
(Showa 18)
Students depart for the front; death of Toson Shimazaki; death of Hideteru Yamamoto; Japan Christian Theological Vocational School established
Withdrawal from Guadalcanal Island; Italy surrenders unconditionally; students depart for the front
(Showa 19)
(Showa 20)
American Bible Society movement to distribute 10 million bibles
Atomic bombs are dropped, Potsdam Declaration accepted; instruction to abolish Ministry of Education, Science, and Culture Directive No. 12
(Showa 21)
Bulletin of daily-use Kanji table; donation of 2.5 million bibles by the American Bible Society
Imperial Declaration of Humanity; announcement of Constitution of Japan; International Military Tribunal for the Far East
(Showa 22)
Constitution of Japan, Japanese Education Act, School Education Law
(Showa 23)
Dissolution of zaibatsu (financial cliques); confirmation of expiration of Imperial Rescript on Education; launch of new system for high schools
(Showa 24)
Meiji Gakuin University School of Letters opens
National Diet Library established; Dodge line; People's Republic of China established
(Showa 25)
Japan Bible Society decides to translate the Old and New Testament into modern language Korean War; red purge; command for police reserve corps enforced; General Council of Trade Unions of Japan formed
(Showa 26)
Project begins to revise the modern language-translated Bible into a colloquial Bible Treaty of San Francisco; US-Japan Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security; MacArthur dismissed
(Showa 27)
Tomio Muto and Keiichiro Watase New Testament (under the orders of Toyohiko Kagawa) Destruction of anti-action law; Central Council for Education established, police reserve corps becomes peace preservation corps
(Showa 28)
Inauguration of the Tokyo Union Theological Seminary TV broadcast; Korean War cease-fire
(Showa 29)
April Colloquial New Testament Japan Self-Defense Force established; Two laws on education promulgated; 5th Fukuryu Maru exposed to radiation in Bikini Islands
(Showa 30)
October Colloquial Old Testament; Masao Sekine begins publication of Iwanami paperback Bible First World Conference for the Prohibition of Nuclear Bombs; mid-1950s economic boom
(Showa 31)
Braille Old and New Testament
Japan joins the United Nations; basic law for the establishment of universities
(Showa 32)
Soviet Sputnik launched; Japan-Soviet fisheries agreement and treaty of commerce
(Showa 33)
American-made satellite launched; notification of important points for carrying out moral education
(Showa 34)
Security revision obstruction movement; Two laws on defense are forcibly voted
(Showa 35)
Death of Toyohiko Kagawa New US-Japan Security Treaty; Ikeda cabinet policy of doubling income
(Showa 36)
Reischauer becomes US ambassador; World Conference of Religions for Peace; junior high school scholastic tests
(Showa 37)
New Japanese Bible publication society founded; Tomio Muto becomes dean of Meiji Gakuin
Central Council for Education report on university management and administration; Japan Conference of Religions for Peace is formed
(Showa 38)
President Kennedy assassinated; Japan-Soviet trade agreement
(Showa 39)
Tokyo Olympics; Shinkansen opens; unified movement opposing the docking of nuclear submarines; Great Niigata Earthquake; Ambassador Reischauer injured
(Showa 40)
Evangelical New Japanese Bible
Japan and South Korea sign basic treaty; US bombs northern Vietnam; Central Council for Education publishes "Expected Image of an Ideal Person"
(Showa 41)
Vatican "Office for Unified Promotion of Christianity" and Protestant "World Alliance of Bible Societies" announce "Joint Bible Translation Guidelines"
Reischauer Ambassador to Japan resigns; China's Cultural Revolution; National Foundation Day established
(Showa 42)
100th anniversary of Meiji; All-Japan Federation of Student Self-Government Associations Haneda Incident; Japan Christian group "Confession of War Responsibility"
(Showa 43)
Japan Bible Society decides to start a new translation project
Intensification of nationwide university campus strife; Shinjuku Incident; return of Ogasawara; Reverend King assassinated
(Showa 44)
World Alliance of Bible Societies and Catholic representatives establish "Principles for Joint Bible Translations"
Riot police dispatched to Tokyo University; automatic extension of security; Temporary Act on University Administration steamrollered; US sends man to the moon
(Showa 45)
Japan's Committee for Reviewing the Potential of Joint Bible Translations reports that "joint Bible translations are necessary and possible."
World Fair held in Osaka; Yodogo Hijacking; Narita Airport conflict; Yukio Mishima suicide
(Showa 46)
Japan Bible Publication Society New Japanese Bible; death of Shiro Murata
Okinawa Reversion Agreement signed
(Showa 47)
Conference held for joint Bible translators
Okinawa reverts to Japan; Japan-China diplomatic relations restored; South Korea martial law; Sapporo Olympics
(Showa 48)
New guidance outline for high schools; oil crisis; Kidnapping of Kim Dae-jung
(Showa 49)
Yasukuni Shrine government management bill steamrollered in lower house of Diet, rejected by cabinet councilors
(Showa 50)
End of Vietnam War; Okinawa Aquarium opens
(Showa 51)
Lockheed bribery scandals; MiG-25 lands at Hakodate Airport; death of Mao Zedong
(Showa 52)
Carter becomes president of US; Japan Airlines hijacking incident
(Showa 53)
New Testament Interconfessional Translation is completed Narita Airport opens; Japan-China Treaty of Peace and Friendship; Masayoshi Ohira cabinet
(Showa 54)
Diplomatic relations established between US and China; Iranian Revolution; Sino-Vietnamese War; Thatcher becomes UK prime minister; President Park assassinated; Three Mile Island nuclear power plant accident; Soviet Union invades Afghanistan
(Showa 55)
Iran-Iraq War; South Korea Gwangju Incident; President Sadat assassinated
(Showa 56)
Bulletin of daily-use Kanji table
Reagan becomes US president; space shuttle launched
(Showa 57)
Falklands War
(Showa 58)
Korean Air flight shot down by Soviets; Tokyo Disneyland opens
(Showa 59)
(Showa 60)
Meiji Gakuin University opens school building in Yokohama
Gorbachev becomes Russian secretary general
(Showa 61)
Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster; Aquino administration established
(Showa 62)
The Bible New Interconfessional Translation is completed National railway divided and privatized; Reagan-Gorbachev talks; perestroika promotion
(Showa 63)
Seoul Olympics; Russia withdraws troops from Afghanistan; Iran-Iraq War cease-fire
(Showa 64 / Heisei 1)
Tiananmen Square Incident; death of Emperor Showa; fall of Berlin Wall
(Heisei 2)
Unification of East and West Germany; Iraq invades Kuwait, Gulf War
(Heisei 22)
Japan Bible Society, with cooperation from both Catholics and Protestants, decides to compile A Standard Translation (Provisional Name) to be used in all churches that is faithful to the original text, and uses beautiful Japanese. Work has begun; Plans to be completed in 2016